Laying tiles may seem to be a difficult task. However, we’d like to show you a clear tile laying technique. Everything becomes possible, you just have to go step by step.

Preparing the sub floor

The underlay for laying the floor needs to be firm, without cracks, smooth, clean and level. If you have an old, uneven floor, make sure to use a self-levelling compound. This is a free-flowing, self-smoothing material that dries flat and level. Before applying the compound, clear the floor, then smooth it by scraping off lumps and sweeping it.  Then spread the compound with a trowel for floor laying. Let it dry for at least for 2 days.
Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions.

 

Tip

When using this method, it is very important to make the base absolutely flat, so do it very carefully. It is essential to wait til it is dry. You have to prepare the floors like particle board, gypsum board, wood floor. Be careful – these bases must be well fixed onto the lower construction. What is more, you have to use flexible adhesive and good
sealants for seams not to cause bursts.

Before laying

Compare the information on labels about size. Measurements have to be identical. Lay the first row of tiles along the longest straight wall. Even the row by using long thread stretched across the room. Continue by laying another row parallelly with the front wall.
If you choose diagonal laying, determine the horizontal and diagonal line and mark 45°. Alongside the angle place the tiles in a row, and alongside diagonal and horizontal lines diagonally. You can create an interesting pattern if you use
the halves of tiles for the perimeter of the room.

 

Installing the tiles

Stir the mortar using drilling machine. Spread the mortar on the floor with a notched trowel and place the tile on the floor, pressing slightly.

 

Use a mallet to tap gently on the top of the tile. Place plastic spacers between the tile and the wall to leave recommended expansion gap.

 

Montage of skirting board

When you’ve finished laying the tiles, cut off the rest of insulation tape, spread  the glue on the back of skirting board and put the skirting board back on the wall over the tiles. To leave expansion gap, use wooden or plastic spacers.

 

Grouting and sealing

When the glue has dried overnight, mix the grout and spread it on the floor using a grout float.  Remove the lumps of grout or glue with the grout float.

 

Let it dry and wipe the floor with a damp sponge. Gaps between skirting boards and tiles seal with grout penetrating sealer.

 

Choice of the tiles

Kinds of tiles

In tile – specialized departments you can find a huge variety of tiles in all shapes, sizes,
and materials. Laying tiles will become easy with an appropriate adhesive and tools.
We hope you to enjoy the work.

Suitable tiles for various usage

When talking about ceramic floor tiles, we can distinguish slotted tiles, stoneware tiles an earthware tiles. If you have high expectations on strength, workload, and frost resistance, you should choose, stoneware and slotted tiles. Glaze ensures resistance against chemicals in conventional household cleaners, against scratching, sedimentation of dirt and UV radiation. At low usage earthware tiles are suitable, they are used as floor tiles in private flats. If you want to put the tiles outside, they should be frost resistant and anti-slipping.

Choice of tile according to degree of strain

We have divided the tiles into 5 groups from the least resistant to the most resistant.

Wall and floor tiles

1. Very small strain – wall tiles

2. Small strain – bathroom floors

Floor tiles

3. Middle strain – living room, bedroom, bathroom, hotel room floors

4. Hard strain – kitchen, hall, living room, hotels, balcony, office floors

5. Very hard strain – restaurant, office, entrance, school, shop floors

Not to forget:

Material:

  • floor tiles
  • underlying screed
  • leveling compound
  • shower sealing
  • tile adhesive
  • grout
  • silicone sealant

Tools:

  • inclinometer
  • tile cutter
  • corner molding
  • serrated trowel
  • masonry trowel
  • rubber hammer
  • small tile hammer
  • tile pincers
  • angle bar
  • string
  • folding rule
  • pencil
  • plastic pail
  • drill
  • mixing adapter
  • rubber gloves
  • rubber trowel
  • sponge
  • plate with a sponge
  • caulking gun

Other tips:

Connected to tile laying techniques

  • advisor for buying tiles
  • fine stoneware
  • tiles
  • cotta tiles
  • granite tiles