The architecture in London is diverse and interesting. You can find the remains of the Roman occupation next to modern buildings and skyscrapers.
Looking at homes the best place to start is the Georgian era. During this period which starts in 1714 and lasts until 1837, houses were built all over London to accommodate the upper classes who wanted to live in the city. The buildings were tall and were often double fronted. They mostly consisted of a basement and three upper floors. A good example of a typical Georgian house can be found in West London in places like Bedford Square and Wimpole Street.
The Victorian era covers the period between 1837 and 1901, during the reign of Queen Victoria. Many of the buildings constructed at this time were light inside because more windows were installed than in the period during the Window Tax, which was abolished in 1851. Like Georgian houses, Victorian homes were often found in terraces and wealthy Victorians often had a bathroom inside their homes with a flushing toilet. You can find Victorian houses in Belgrave Square and Notting Hill.
The Edwardian Period
The Edwardian period began in 1901 and the Edwardian period for architecture went on until 1918. Houses were still large, but they tended to be plainer than the Victorian properties. They lacked many of the ornate embellishments, but they were painted in lighter colours. Many new homes were built in the London outskirts and you can see Edwardian homes in Hampstead and Muswell Hill.
The Art Deco Period
Art Deco became fashionable in the 1920s and remained popular until the beginning of the First World War. Houses and apartment blocks were built in London and the suburbs. Art Deco designs included bold colours, geometrical designs and angular shapes. You can see art deco properties in Enfield and Balham. One of the most iconic art deco buildings is Battersea Power Station.
The 1940s and 50s
Owing to a shortage of housing after the Second World War Britain went through a housing boom. Homes were smaller, but now the masses and not just wealthy people could buy homes. Houses were built in terraces or in blocks of two and many had front and back gardens. You can see examples of 1930s and 40s housing in places like Edgware, Camden and the City of London.
The Brutalist Period
In the 1960s and 70s a new form of architecture became popular. It was called Brutalism. Houses and flats were built using unfinished surfaces in materials made into unusual shapes. The buildings looked heavy with small windows. This was the era of the Tower Block which was built to house the people cleared from the slums of London. They were designed upwards to house as many people as possible using a small footprint. You can see 1960s and 70s Tower Blocks in Bromley, Kensal Town and Peckham.
Today’s houses and apartment blocks are smaller than in the past as space becomes a premium. Skyscrapers can now been see across the London skyline housing office blocks and luxury apartments. London has spread well into the suburbs and new housing can be found in areas which have been gentrified and places like Canary Wharf which was once an abandoned dock area.